‘Imlek’ aka Chinese New Year in Indonesia / 印尼新年

(按此看中文版)

Chinese New Year celebrations in Kupang, Indonesia. / 印尼古邦的農曆新年慶典。

‘Tis the season for red pockets! We want to share the joy of new year to everyone around the world, so let’s look how different places celebrate Chinese New Year, shall we?

The Chinese New Year, which follows the lunar calendar, is the biggest and most important festival in China and many East Asian countries like Korea, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, etc.  Indonesia, for one, also celebrates this Big Day.

Flower Market in Glodok, Chinatown district in Jakarta. / 雅加達唐人街花市。

Not a lot of people know this, but Chinese Indonesians make up 3% of the whole population of Indonesia. That doesn’t sound like a large percentage, but apparently, Indonesia has the world’s highest number of ethnic Chinese population living outside mainland China and Taiwan.  We celebrate the Chinese New Year as ‘Imlek‘.

During New Year’s Eve, just like everywhere else, everyone makes an effort to come home. It is the time where conversations are made and laughter is shared. The dinner menu is almost always fixed every year: barbeque or hotpot. Restaurants provide dining packages—customers can dine while enjoying traditional Chinese acrobats, songs, and dance.

During Chinese New Year, we will wake up and greet each other: “恭喜發財 新年快樂”, or in Indonesian, simply “kionghi”. Everyone is busy in the morning because there are relatives to call and wish, and people dress to impress. There will be at least one red article of clothing because it is believed that red will scare away evil spirits and bad fortune.

There are a few antics that might seem weird but is widely practiced during Chinese New Year:

We are not allowed to wash or clean anything (except the dishes). Sweeping the floor or doing laundry means cleaning away the fortunes of a new year, so we usually clean everything a day before—to indicate that we are getting rid of the bad fortunes and ready for a new start. We are also not allowed to wash our hair on new year’s day, for the same reasons stated before. It is very common to see hairdressers very packed a few days before new year.

My mom believes in starting the new year with a full meal, so we will have rice and a few side dishes for breakfast. Noodles and dumplings are always served because they have special meanings. Noodles indicate happiness and longevity and dumplings means wealth.

Another thing we enjoyed during New Year is the Chinese lion dance, or known as ‘barongsai’ in Indonesian. They will come into houses or restaurants and people will put red pocket money in its mouth. People like to invite barongsai into their house because it indicates good luck. Sometimes people will buy a flock of birds and then let them free during New Year. By letting the birds free, they are also letting go all their bad fortunes.

During the day, it is very customary to go to other relative’s homes to catch up and talk. Red pocket aka ‘angpau‘ is exchanged and snacks are provided. The one snack that everyone will have in their house is ‘nastar’—small bite-sized pineapple tarts filled with pineapple jam. Another thing we always provide is ‘kue lapis legit’ or ‘spekuk’. It is inspired by the Dutch multi-layered cake. Not to forget, it is mandatory to have carts and carts of oranges.

Netstar. / 菠蘿酥。
Kue lapis legit, aka spekuk. / 千層糕。

More than anything, Chinese New Year is particularly important because it is when families bond and relationships are rekindled. This is how we celebrate Chinese New Year in Indonesia, how about you?

By:   Natasya Viona CHANDRA (Jockey Club Harmony Hall)
Image:   Dailymail, Brilio, Aquila Style, cookbakeeatlove.com, infokuliner.com

~~~

Chinese New Year celebrations in Kupang, Indonesia. / 印尼古邦的農曆新年慶典。

這是一個紅封包滿溢的季節!我們希望與世界上每一位朋友分享快樂,所以請一起看看世界上不同的地方是如何慶祝農曆新年吧!

農曆新年又稱春節,是中國人一年裏最重要最盛大的節日。東亞不少地區因自古已受中國文化影響使用農曆,因此多個國家如韓國、越南、馬來西亞、新加坡、菲律賓等也會慶祝農曆新年,印度尼西亞也是其中一員。

也許沒有太多人知道這事實,但讓人驚訝的是: 印尼華僑佔據了印尼人口的3%呢!雖然3%不是很大的百分比,但印尼卻是世界上除了中國及台灣外最多華人居住的地方。而我們印尼的農曆新年稱作「Imlek」。

Flower Market in Glodok, Chinatown district in Jakarta. / 雅加達唐人街花市。

在除夕期間,就像各個地方一樣,印尼的市民都會盡快回家慶祝節日,希望在這一天與家人暢談和分享歡樂。每一年的團年飯餐單也大同小異,通常也是燒烤或火鍋。餐廳提供多款套餐,客人可以一邊進餐,一邊欣賞中國傳統的雜技、音樂及舞蹈。

至於新年期間,我們會以「恭喜發財 新年快樂」來祝賀對方,又或是以「kionghi」這個簡單的印尼話來代替。每個人早上也會忙於聯絡及祝賀親友,也會打扮漂亮地迎合節日。在穿搭中,至少會有一件是紅色,因為人們都相信傳統,認為紅色可以嚇走邪惡的靈魂及惡運。

這裏有幾樣看似古怪,卻是於新年被廣泛流傳的習慣:

不可以在新年期間清洗任何東西(除了碗碟),因為這代表了把新一年的好運都清走。所以,我們通常會在新年前一日進行清洗打掃,不但表示把惡運趕走,亦表示迎接一個新開始。此外,我們亦不可以洗頭,原因和以上的習慣一樣。因此,新年前數天的理髮店多數有很多顧客。

我母親相信新年的時候要吃一頓豐富的正餐,所以我們會有數碟餸菜及飯作早餐。麵條和餃子也是新年中受歡迎的餸菜,因為它們有特別的含意。麵條代表快樂和長壽,而餃子則代表富有。

另一樣新年的樂趣是傳統的舞獅,印尼稱為「barongsai」。 舞獅會進入房屋或餐廳,然後人們會將紅封包放入舞獅的口中。觀眾喜歡將舞獅邀請入房屋,因為這樣象徵好運。有時候,人們亦會在新年時購買鳥兒。放走鳥兒代表放走惡運。

在一間,人們會習慣性拜訪親戚的家去閑話家常。人們亦會互相交換紅封包(angpau)和提供小食。其中一樣每一家都有的小食是「nastar」——一種充滿菠蘿果醬的小菠蘿酥。另一樣經常提供的小食是千層糕「kue lapis legit」,又稱為「spekuk」,它是由荷蘭千層餅啟發而來的。不可忘記的是,無數的橙是必須的。

Netstar. / 菠蘿酥。
Kue lapis legit, aka spekuk. / 千層糕。

新年比其他節日更為重要的原因是新年可以把家庭中的連結和關係重燃。這就是印尼慶祝新年的方式,你的國家又如何?

文:   Natasya Viona CHANDRA (賽馬會群萃堂)
譯:   何栢妮 (李兆基堂)
圖:   《每日郵報》、Brilio、Aquila Style、cookbakeeatlove.com、infokuliner.com

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